Document details

Influência do processo de realojamento na percepção de sentido de comunidade e ...

Author(s): Carapinha, Ana Margarida Lopo cv logo 1

Date: 2010

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/1887

Origin: Repositório da Universidade de Lisboa

Subject(s): Psicologia comunitária; Apoio social; Realojamento; Teses de mestrado - 2010


Description
A presente investigação teve como objectivo analisar o impacto do processo de realojamento na Percepção de Sentido de Comunidade e Apoio Social Percebido. A amostra utilizada foi constituída por 104 participantes adultos residentes na Alta de Lisboa e anteriormente residentes nos bairros abrangidos pelo Plano Especial de Realojamento. A percepção de sentido de comunidade foi medida através da Escala Breve de Sentido de Comunidade (EBCS; Brief Sense of Community Scale de Peterson, Speer & McMillan, 2008; versão adaptada por Marante, no prelo) e o apoio social percebido foi avaliado pela Escala de Provisões Sociais (SSP; Scale of Social Provisions de Cutrona & Russel, 1987; versão adaptada por Moreira & Canaipa, 2007). Avaliaram-se as variáveis antes do realojamento, retrospectivamente, através de uma adaptação das escalas, bem como posterior ao realojamento, relativamente à actualidade. Os resultados indicam que a Percepção de Sentido de Comunidade e Apoio Social Percebido diferem significativamente antes e depois do realojamento, sendo mais elevados na primeira situação. A análise dos resultados permitiu, também, verificar que existe uma relação positiva e significativa entre as duas variáveis em estudo, bem como correlações entre o Apoio Social Percebido e as variáveis Idade, Escolaridade, Número de Filhos e Participação em Actividades do Bairro. The aim of the present investigation is to analyze the impact of the process of relocation in the Perception of Sense of Community and Perceived Social Support. The chosen sample was constituted by 104 adults that live in Alta de Lisboa, and that were former residents of the neighbourhoods covered by the Special Plan of Relocation. The perception of sense of community was measured through the Brief Sense of Community Scale (EBSC; Peterson, Speer & McMillan, 2008; adapted by Marante, in press) and perceived social support was assessed through the Scale of Social Provisions (SSP; Cutrona & Russel, 1987; adapted by Moreira & Canaipa, 2007). The variables were assessed before the relocation process, retrospectively, by adapting the scales, and also after it, regarding the present time. The results indicated that the Perception of Sense of Community and Perceived Social Support differ significantly before and after the relocation, being higher in the former. The analysis also allowed observing a positive correlation between the two variables, as well as correlations between Perceived Social Support and the variables Age, Schooling, Number of Children and Participation in Neighbourhood Activities. The aim of the present investigation is to analyze the impact of the process of relocation in the Perception of Sense of Community and Perceived Social Support. The chosen sample was constituted by 104 adults that live in Alta de Lisboa, and that were former residents of the neighbourhoods covered by the Special Plan of Relocation. The perception of sense of community was measured through the Brief Sense of Community Scale (EBSC; Peterson, Speer & McMillan, 2008; adapted by Marante, in press) and perceived social support was assessed through the Scale of Social Provisions (SSP; Cutrona & Russel, 1987; adapted by Moreira & Canaipa, 2007). The variables were assessed before the relocation process, retrospectively, by adapting the scales, and also after it, regarding the present time. The results indicated that the Perception of Sense of Community and Perceived Social Support differ significantly before and after the relocation, being higher in the former. The analysis also allowed observing a positive correlation between the two variables, as well as correlations between Perceived Social Support and the variables Age, Schooling, Number of Children and Participation in Neighbourhood Activities. Tese de mestrado, Psicologia (Secção de Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde - Núcleo de Psicologia Sistémica), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, 2010
Document Type Master Thesis
Language Portuguese
Advisor(s) Lind, Wolfgang Rüdiger, 1952-
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