Document details

Algorithms for time series clustering applied to biomedical signals

Author(s): Nunes, Neuza Filipa Martins cv logo 1

Date: 2011

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/5666

Origin: Repositório Institucional da UNL

Subject(s): Biosignals; Algorithms; Signal-Processing; Alignment techniques; Clustering


Description
Thesis submitted in the fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master in Biomedical Engineering The increasing number of biomedical systems and applications for human body understanding creates a need for information extraction tools to use in biosignals. It’s important to comprehend the changes in the biosignal’s morphology over time, as they often contain critical information on the condition of the subject or the status of the experiment. The creation of tools that automatically analyze and extract relevant attributes from biosignals, providing important information to the user, has a significant value in the biosignal’s processing field. The present dissertation introduces new algorithms for time series clustering, where we are able to separate and organize unlabeled data into different groups whose signals are similar to each other. Signal processing algorithms were developed for the detection of a meanwave, which represents the signal’s morphology and behavior. The algorithm designed computes the meanwave by separating and averaging all cycles of a cyclic continuous signal. To increase the quality of information given by the meanwave, a set of wave-alignment techniques was also developed and its relevance was evaluated in a real database. To evaluate our algorithm’s applicability in time series clustering, a distance metric created with the information of the automatic meanwave was designed and its measurements were given as input to a K-Means clustering algorithm. With that purpose, we collected a series of data with two different modes in it. The produced algorithm successfully separates two modes in the collected data with 99.3% of efficiency. The results of this clustering procedure were compared to a mechanism widely used in this area, which models the data and uses the distance between its cepstral coefficients to measure the similarity between the time series.The algorithms were also validated in different study projects. These projects show the variety of contexts in which our algorithms have high applicability and are suitable answers to overcome the problems of exhaustive signal analysis and expert intervention. The algorithms produced are signal-independent, and therefore can be applied to any type of signal providing it is a cyclic signal. The fact that this approach doesn’t require any prior information and the preliminary good performance make these algorithms powerful tools for biosignals analysis and classification.
Document Type Master Thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Gamboa, Hugo
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