Document details

Fructo-oligosaccharides: production, characterization and purification

Author(s): Gonçalves, Clarisse Salomé Nobre ; Teixeira, J. A. ; Rodrigues, L. R.

Date: 2017

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/46464

Origin: RepositóriUM - Universidade do Minho

Project/scholarship: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/SFRH/SFRH%2FBPD%2F87498%2F2012/PT; info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/5876-PPCDTI/126270/PT ; info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/COMPETE/126270/PT;

Subject(s): Fructo-oligosaccharides


Description

The consumers interest in healthy and high nutritional food has significantly increased in the recent years. This trend towards the adoption of healthier lifestyles has been the main driver for the great demand of functional ingredients, such as the prebiotics fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS). Industrially, FOS are produced from sucrose through purified enzymes, in two-step bioprocesses, with low theoretical yields (0.50-0.55 gFOS.gSucrose-1) and purities (50-55%). Downstream steps are therefore needed to remove the non-prebiotic sugars and enable the incorporation of these FOS mixtures in diabetic, dietetic and healthy foods. In the last ten years, we have been investigating new strategies to produce FOS with higher contents, purities and differentiated functionalities. We have been exploring Aureobasidium pullulans and Aspergillus ibericus as FOS producers, in one-step fermentation processes, using the whole cells of the microorganisms instead of the isolated enzymes. This strategy proved to be efficient, fast and economic, yielding 0.64 gFOS.gSucrose-1. The FOS mixtures produced were able to stimulate the growth of probiotic strains and were simultaneously resistant to hydrolysis along the gastrointestinal system confirming their health claims as prebiotics. The probiotic strains preferentially metabolized the FOS mixture synthesized by A. ibericus, followed by the one from A. pullulans and lastly the commercial FOS. The purification of FOS is not straightforward due to the physicochemical similarities between the different oligosaccharides and the smaller saccharides. To increase the FOS purity, we have been exploring different strategies including microbial treatments and downstream treatments as activated charcoal and ion-exchange chromatography. As microbial treatments, we studied the use of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, able to metabolize the small saccharides without FOS hydrolyse, in co-culture with the FOS microorganism producer or in a two-step fermentation, in which FOS are firstly synthesized and then purified by the S. cerevisiae. Fermentations in two-steps were found to be more efficient than the co-culture ones and purities of 82% (w/w) in FOS were obtained [1]. To avoid competition by the subtract in the co-culture, we are now evaluating the use of a S. cerevisiae strain with the SUC2 gene for invertase expression repressed. Using this strategy, FOS are being produced with yields of 0.64 gFOS.gSucrose-1 and purities up to 93% (w/w). As downstream treatment we optimized an adsorption/desorption process of sugars using activated charcoal and ethanol as eluent. Mixtures containing 50.6% (w/w) of FOS were purified to 92.9% (w/w) with a FOS recovery of 74.5% (w/w) and some fractions were obtained with purities up to 97% (w/w) [2]. Acknowledgements: Clarisse Nobre acknowledges the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) for her Post-Doc Grant [ref. SFRH/BPD/87498/2012] and the project RECI/BBB-EBI/0179/2012 (FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-027462), the strategic funding of UID/BIO/04469/2013 unit, COMPETE 2020 (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006684), BioTecNorte operation (NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000004) and the project MultiBiorefinery (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016403) funded by European Regional Development Fund under the scope of Norte2020 - Programa Operacional Regional do Norte. References [1] Nobre, C, Castro, CC, Hantson, A-L, Teixeira, JA, Weireld, G, Rodrigues, LR, Strategies for the production of high-content fructo-oligosaccharides through the removal of small saccharides by co-culture or successive fermentation with yeast, Carbohydrate Polymers, 136, 274281, 2016. [2] Nobre, C, Teixeira, JA, Rodrigues, LR, Fructo-oligosaccharides purification from a fermentative broth using an activated charcoal column. New Biotechnology, 29(3), 395401, 2012.

GLUPOR 12 - 12nd International Meeting of the Portuguese Carbohydrate Chemistry Group

Document Type Conference object
Language English
Contributor(s) Gonçalves, Clarisse Salomé Nobre; Teixeira, J. A.; Rodrigues, L. R.
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