Document details

Intrusion tolerant routing with data consensus in wireless sensor networks

Author(s): Almeida, João Carlos Andrade de

Date: 2013

Persistent ID:

Origin: Repositório Institucional da UNL

Subject(s): Wireless sensor networks (WSN); Routing services and protocols for WSN; Reliability; Consensus protocols; Intrusion tolerance; Simulation environments for WSN


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are rapidly emerging and growing as an important new area in computing and wireless networking research. Applications of WSNs are numerous, growing, and ranging from small-scale indoor deployment scenarios in homes and buildings to large scale outdoor deployment settings in natural, industrial, military and embedded environments. In a WSN, the sensor nodes collect data to monitor physical conditions or to measure and pre-process physical phenomena, and forward that data to special computing nodes called Syncnodes or Base Stations (BSs). These nodes are eventually interconnected, as gateways, to other processing systems running applications. In large-scale settings, WSNs operate with a large number of sensors – from hundreds to thousands of sensor nodes – organised as ad-hoc multi-hop or mesh networks, working without human supervision. Sensor nodes are very limited in computation, storage, communication and energy resources. These limitations impose particular challenges in designing large scale reliable and secure WSN services and applications. However, as sensors are very limited in their resources they tend to be very cheap. Resilient solutions based on a large number of nodes with replicated capabilities, are possible approaches to address dependability concerns, namely reliability and security requirements and fault or intrusion tolerant network services. This thesis proposes, implements and tests an intrusion tolerant routing service for large-scale dependable WSNs. The service is based on a tree-structured multi-path routing algorithm, establishing multi-hop and multiple disjoint routes between sensors and a group of BSs. The BS nodes work as an overlay, processing intrusion tolerant data consensus over the routed data. In the proposed solution the multiple routes are discovered, selected and established by a self-organisation process. The solution allows the WSN nodes to collect and route data through multiple disjoint routes to the different BSs, with a preventive intrusion tolerance approach, while handling possible Byzantine attacks and failures in sensors and BS with a pro-active recovery strategy supported by intrusion and fault tolerant data-consensus algorithms, performed by the group of Base Stations.

Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Mestre em Engenharia Informática

Document Type Master thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Domingos, Henrique; Duarte, Vítor
Contributor(s) Almeida, João Carlos Andrade de
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