Document details

Complex networks and data mining: toward a new perspective for the understanding of complex systems

Author(s): Zanin, Massimiliano

Date: 2014

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/14064

Origin: Repositório Institucional da UNL

Subject(s): Complex systems; Complex networks; Data mining


Description

Complex systems, i.e. systems composed of a large set of elements interacting in a non-linear way, are constantly found all around us. In the last decades, different approaches have been proposed toward their understanding, one of the most interesting being the Complex Network perspective. This legacy of the 18th century mathematical concepts proposed by Leonhard Euler is still current, and more and more relevant in real-world problems. In recent years, it has been demonstrated that network-based representations can yield relevant knowledge about complex systems. In spite of that, several problems have been detected, mainly related to the degree of subjectivity involved in the creation and evaluation of such network structures. In this Thesis, we propose addressing these problems by means of different data mining techniques, thus obtaining a novel hybrid approximation intermingling complex networks and data mining. Results indicate that such techniques can be effectively used to i) enable the creation of novel network representations, ii) reduce the dimensionality of analyzed systems by pre-selecting the most important elements, iii) describe complex networks, and iv) assist in the analysis of different network topologies. The soundness of such approach is validated through different validation cases drawn from actual biomedical problems, e.g. the diagnosis of cancer from tissue analysis, or the study of the dynamics of the brain under different neurological disorders.

Document Type Doctoral thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Sousa, Pedro; Boccaletti, Stefano
Contributor(s) Zanin, Massimiliano
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