Document details

Development of novel ionic liquids based on biological molecules

Author(s): Zalewska, Karolina Anna Maria

Date: 2014

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/14075

Origin: Repositório Institucional da UNL

Subject(s): Ionic liquids; Biological molecules; Chirality; Asymmetric catalysis


Description

Ionic Liquids (ILs) belong to a class of compounds with unusual properties: very low vapour pressure; high chemical and thermal stability and the ability to dissolve a wide range of substances. A new field in research is evaluating the possibility to use natural chiral biomolecules for the preparation of chiral ionic liquids (CILs). This important challenge in synthetic chemistry can open new avenues of research in order to avoid some problems related with the intrinsic biodegradability and toxicity associated to conventional ILs. The research work developed aimed for the synthesis of CILs, their characterization and possible applications, based on biological moieties used either as chiral cations or anions, depending on the synthetic manipulation of the derivatives. Overall, a total of 28 organic salts, including CILs were synthesized: 9 based on L-cysteine derivatives, 12 based on L-proline, 3 based on nucleosides and 4 based on nucleotides. All these new CILs were completely characterized and their chemical and physical properties were evaluated. Some CILs based on L-cysteine have been applied for discrimination processes, including resolution of racemates and as a chiral catalyst for asymmetric Aldol condensation. L-proline derived CILs were also studied as chiral catalysts for Michael reaction. In parallel, the interactions of macrocyclic oligosugars called cyclodextrins (CDs) with several ILs were studied. It was possible to improve the solubility of CDs in water and serum. Additionally, fatty acids and steroids showed an increase in water solubility when ILs-CDs systems were used. The development of efficient and selective ILs-CDs systems is indispensable to expand the range of their applications in host-guest interactions, drug delivery systems or catalytic reactions. Novel salts derived from nucleobases were used in order to enhance the fluorescence in aqueous solution. Additionally, preliminary studies regarding ethyl lactate as an alternative solvent for asymmetric organocatalysis were performed.

Document Type Doctoral thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Branco, Luís
Contributor(s) Zalewska, Karolina Anna Maria
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