Document details

Evaluation of motor neuron excitability by CMAP scanning with modulated current

Author(s): Candeias, Rui Dinis Teodoro

Date: 2014

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/14288

Origin: Repositório Institucional da UNL

Subject(s): Compound muscle action potential scan; Peripheral nerve stimulation; surface electromyography; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis


Description

It is important to have better evaluation and understanding of the motor neuron physiology, with the goal to early and objectively diagnose and treat patients with neurodegenerative pathologies. The Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) scan is a non-invasive diagnosis technique for neurodegenerative pathologies, such as ALS, and enables a quick analysis of the muscle action potentials in response to motor nerve stimulation. This work aims to study the influence of different pulse modulated waveforms in peripheral nerve excitability by CMAP scan technique on healthy subjects. A total of 13 healthy subjects were submitted to the same test. The stimuli were applied in the medium nerve on the right wrist and electromyography signal collected on the Abductor Pollicis Brevis (APB) muscle surface on the right thumb. Stimulation was performed with an increasing intensities range from 4 to 30 mA, with varying steps, 3 stimuli per step. The procedure was repeated 4 times per subject, each repetition using a different single pulse stimulation waveform: monophasic square, monophasic triangular, monophasic quadratic and biphasic square. Results were retrieved from the averaging of the stimuli on each current intensity step. The square pulse needs less current intensity to generate the same response amplitude regarding the other waves and presents a more steep curve slope and this effect is gradually decreasing for the triangular and quadratic pulse,respectively, being the difference even more evident regarding the biphasic pulse. The control of the waveform stimulation pulse allows varying the stimulusresponse curve slope.

Document Type Master thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Gamboa, Hugo; Araújo, Tiago
Contributor(s) Candeias, Rui Dinis Teodoro
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