Document details

A piezoelectric based energy harvester interface for a CMOS wireless sensor IC

Author(s): Mancelos, Nuno Lemos Braamcamp de

Date: 2014

Persistent ID:

Origin: Repositório Institucional da UNL

Subject(s): Piezoelectric energy harvesting; Full-bridge cross-coupled rectifier; DC-DC converter; LDO regulator; Wireless sensor networks


In this thesis a piezoelectric energy harvesting system, responsible for regulating the power output of a piezoelectric transducer subjected to ambient vibration, is designed to power an RF receiver with a 6 mW power consump-tion. The electrical characterisation of the chosen piezoelectric transducer is the starting point of the design, which subsequently presents a full-bridge cross-coupled rectifier that rectifies the AC output of the transducer and a low-dropout regulator responsible for delivering a constant voltage system output of 0.6 V, with low voltage ripple, which represents the receiver’s required sup-ply voltage. The circuit is designed using CMOS 130 nm UMC technology, and the system presents an inductorless architecture, with reduced area and cost. The electrical simulations run for the complete circuit lead to the conclusion that the proposed piezoelectric energy harvesting system is a plausible solution to power the RF receiver, provided that the chosen transducer is subjected to moderate levels of vibration.

Document Type Master thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Oliveira, João
Contributor(s) Mancelos, Nuno Lemos Braamcamp de
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