Document details

Study of Helium II heat transport phenomena in superconducting rutherford type cables

Author(s): Galinhas, Bruno Emanuel Martins

Date: 2015

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/15654

Origin: Repositório Institucional da UNL

Subject(s): LHC; Superfluid helium; He II; Superconducting; Transient heat transfer; Landau; Domínio/Área Científica::Engenharia e Tecnologia::Outras Engenharias e Tecnologias; Domínio/Área Científica::Engenharia e Tecnologia::Outras Engenharias e Tecnologias; Domínio/Área Científica::Engenharia e Tecnologia::Outras Engenharias e Tecnologias


Description

This thesis is a study of how heat is transported in non-steady-state conditions from a superconducting Rutherford cable to a bath of superfluid helium (He II). The same type of superconducting cable is used in the dipole magnets of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The dipole magnets of the LHC are immersed in a bath of He II at 1.9 K. At this temperature helium has an extremely high thermal conductivity. During operation, heat needs to be efficiently extracted from the dipole magnets to keep their superconducting state. The thermal stability of the magnets is crucial for the operation of the LHC, therefore it is necessary to understand how heat is transported from the superconducting cables to the He II bath. In He II the heat transfer can be described by the Landau regime or by the Gorter-Mellink regime, depending on the heat flux. In this thesis both measurements and numerical simulation have been performed to study the heat transfer in the two regimes. A temperature increase of 8 2 mK of the superconducting cables was successfully measured experimentally. A new numerical model that covers the two heat transfer regimes has been developed. The numerical model has been validated by comparison with existing experimental data. A comparison is made between the measurements and the numerical results obtained with the developed model.

Document Type Master thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Koettig, Torsten
Contributor(s) Galinhas, Bruno Emanuel Martins
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