Document details

EFFECT – Efficient finite element code

Author(s): Fraga, Pedro Torres

Date: 2015

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/15960

Origin: Repositório Institucional da UNL

Subject(s): Finite element method; C++; Shell elements; Nonlinear analysis; Corotational formulation; Domínio/Área Científica::Engenharia e Tecnologia::Engenharia Mecânica; Domínio/Área Científica::Engenharia e Tecnologia::Engenharia Mecânica; Domínio/Área Científica::Engenharia e Tecnologia::Engenharia Mecânica


Description

The theme of this dissertation is the finite element method applied to mechanical structures. A new finite element program is developed that, besides executing different types of structural analysis, also allows the calculation of the derivatives of structural performances using the continuum method of design sensitivities analysis, with the purpose of allowing, in combination with the mathematical programming algorithms found in the commercial software MATLAB, to solve structural optimization problems. The program is called EFFECT – Efficient Finite Element Code. The object-oriented programming paradigm and specifically the C ++ programming language are used for program development. The main objective of this dissertation is to design EFFECT so that it can constitute, in this stage of development, the foundation for a program with analysis capacities similar to other open source finite element programs. In this first stage, 6 elements are implemented for linear analysis: 2-dimensional truss (Truss2D), 3-dimensional truss (Truss3D), 2-dimensional beam (Beam2D), 3-dimensional beam (Beam3D), triangular shell element (Shell3Node) and quadrilateral shell element (Shell4Node). The shell elements combine two distinct elements, one for simulating the membrane behavior and the other to simulate the plate bending behavior. The non-linear analysis capability is also developed, combining the corotational formulation with the Newton-Raphson iterative method, but at this stage is only avaiable to solve problems modeled with Beam2D elements subject to large displacements and rotations, called nonlinear geometric problems. The design sensitivity analysis capability is implemented in two elements, Truss2D and Beam2D, where are included the procedures and the analytic expressions for calculating derivatives of displacements, stress and volume performances with respect to 5 different design variables types. Finally, a set of test examples were created to validate the accuracy and consistency of the result obtained from EFFECT, by comparing them with results published in the literature or obtained with the ANSYS commercial finite element code.

Document Type Master thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Cardoso, João
Contributor(s) Fraga, Pedro Torres
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