Document details

Valorização de subprodutos de cenoura. Promoção da componente bioactiva

Author(s): Kuzina, Anastasiya

Date: 2014

Persistent ID: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/8218

Origin: Repositório da UTL

Subject(s): carrot byproducts; phenolic induced; phenolic compounds; antioxidant activity; ultra-sounds; lyophilization


Description

The high volume of carrot byproducts from the fresh-cut industry (SPC) justifies the interest in its valorisation. The goal of the present investigation was to study the usability of abiotic stress (wound) in promotion of bioactive component of carrot byproducts and posterior recovery (water extraction) and valorisation (incorporation in bread). Carrot byproducts demonstrated a valuable source of antioxidant compounds with a total phenolic compound (CFT) of 46.4 mg EAC.100 g-1 and carotenoids (CCT) of 11.8 mg eq β-carotene.100 g-1. Chlorogenic acid (2.88 mg.100 g-1) and β-carotene (7.86 mg.100 g-1) are the main components. Abiotic stress treatment induced a significant phenolic accumulation reaching the values of 87.2 mg EAC.100 g-1 after 72 hours in the temperature of 5 ᵒC. The optimization of water extraction conditions assisted by ultra-sounds or at the boiling temperature allowed to conclude that the best conditions to recover phenolic compounds are: 50 minutes as time of extraction and ratio of 4:1 (water:sample) assisted by ultra-sounds. The incorporation of extract (20.5 mg/500 g flour) or SPC (20 g/500 g flour) lyophilized in bread may constitute a form of functional enrichment without affecting the sensorial quality.

Mestrado em Engenharia Alimentar - Instituto Superior de Agronomia

Document Type Master thesis
Language Portuguese
Advisor(s) Martins, Margarida Moldão; Abreu, Marta Maria Nogueira
Contributor(s) Kuzina, Anastasiya
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