Document details

Thermodynamic analysis and optimization of a scramjet engine with thermal management system

Author(s): Rodrigues, Luís

Date: 2010

Persistent ID:

Origin: uBibliorum

Subject(s): Scramjet (motor) - Veículos hipersónicos; Arrefecimento regenerativo - Motor - Veículo hipersónico; Arrefecimento regenerativo - Veículo hipersónico; Gestão térmica - Scramjet (motor) - Veículos hipersónicos


Thermal management of the scramjet engine is one of the key issues of the challenges brought by the development of hypersonic airbreathing vehicles. A Closed Brayton Cycle thermal management system for a regenerative cooled scramjet is introduced with the goal of reducing the hydrogen fuel flow for cooling. Part of the heat absorbed from fuel is converted into other forms of energy to decrease the heat that must be taken away by hydrogen fuel. Reducing this heat increases the fuel heat sink (cooling capacity) without requiring excess fuel for cooling and eliminating the need to search for a new coolant. The proposed thermal cycle reduces the fuel flow for cooling, and this way, the fuel on board assures the cooling requirements for the whole hypersonic vehicle. The basic concept and working principle are introduced: a thermodynamic cycle analysis is performed to demonstrate the system performance gains of Closed Brayton Cycle (CBC) Thermal Management System (TMS) over the conventional system with regenerative cooling. It was shown that the Closed Brayton Cycle Thermal Management Systems presents a high performance gain when compared to conventional regenerative cooling due to the reduction of fuel flow for cooling and additional power output.

Document Type Master thesis
Language English
Advisor(s) Brojo, Francisco Miguel Ribeiro Proença
Contributor(s) Rodrigues, Luís
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